Some had their main guns replaced with a dummy gun to allow additional radio equipment and a map table to be installed. The brigade headquarters would now only have 8 tanks allocated to it, while the regimental headquarters remained the same, but they were each given four anti-aircraft tanks. In April 1939, the Mobile Division was renamed the 1st Armoured Divisionand the Mobile Division (Egypt) was named the Armoured Division (E… [19][20] Unlike the other Type 56 Challenger 2 Regiments, the RTR has an integrated CBRN reconnaissance squadron operating the Fuchs reconnaissance vehicle. In September 1943 fourteen of those were reorganized, these are sometimes called the „light“ armored divisions, although this name is a bit misleading, because the main difference was in size and not the equipped tanks. Each regiment would be manned by 37 officers and 655 other ranks. [24] In the United Kingdom, the Brigade Group was not adopted but the Support Group was abolished and an infantry brigade was added to the division to replace the second armoured brigade. The tank establishment was also lowered to 338 tanks; 234 cruisers, 44 light tanks, 28 anti-aircraft tanks, and 9 Observation tanks. No changes were made to the layout of the regiments; however, three tanks were removed from the brigade headquarters, two anti-aircraft tanks would be added and eight Observation Post tanks would also be allocated to the brigade. [26], In April 1943, the Armoured Car Regiment was removed from the division structure and replaced with an Armoured Reconnaissance Regiment. [4] He also notes that the reforms that took place in 1940 forfeited yet another opportunity to transform the tank-heavy armoured divisions into a balanced all-arms force. [43], In May 1940, the armoured brigades became homogeneous and were reorganised; all now would contain 10 cruisers within the brigade headquarters, while the regimental headquarters would have four cruisers. With the Firefly the British and Canadians had a weapon to compare with the powerful German anti-tank guns. When 6th Division went to North Africa it still used the WW1 standard of 4 Battalions per Brigade where as the Brits only had 3. What Role did the Regiment have in World War 2? [34], The final authorised change came in February 1945, but was not implemented until May 1945, following the end of the war in Europe; the division would retain the organisation approved in March 1944, but the armoured reconnaissance regiment would be converted into a fourth armoured regiment but not placed within either brigade. The next change (on paper) was made in April 1940; the established tank strength of the division was reduced to 340 tanks by changes in the armoured regiments, the two armoured brigades now became homogeneous, dropping their prefixes and the division's engineers were removed from the Support Group becoming divisional troops under their own headquarters. [29], During the First World War, walking sticks were often carried by officers. 2nd Royal Tank Regiment - 44 Challenger 2s, 22 CVR(T) Scimitars. The battalion's three squadrons would comprise five troops, each of three infantry tanks, and a squadron headquarters of one infantry tank and two close support infantry tanks. [4] At that time the six tank companies were grouped as the Heavy Section of the Machine Gun Corps (MGC). Under the command of the battalion was three companies; each consisting of a headquarters, issued with one infantry tank and one light tank, and five sections, each mustering three infantry tanks. The American equipped regiments, totalling 44 tanks, were organised as such: four M3 Stuarts allocated to the regimental headquarters, which controlled three sabre squadrons; one squadron of four troops of four Stuarts and a headquarters with a further four Stuarts, and two squadrons composed of M3 Grants each consisting of three troops of three tanks and a squadron headquarters of a further three Grants. [5], Following the outbreak of war, the headquarters of the 2nd Armoured Division was activated on 15 December 1939. [47] By June 1944, the sabre squadrons in North West Europe were operating four tank troops. [28][nb 1] The self-propelled artillery regiment consisted of 24 25-pounder self-propelled guns, the anti-tank regiment consisted of 48 6-pounder or 17-pounder guns, and the light anti-aircraft regiment consisted of 54 Bofors 40 mm guns. 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